Get to Know Your Feet: 27 Terms

Nov 15, 21

Yes, at SASnola, we offer a large selection of men's and women's shoes, handbags, accessories, and more. But we want to provide more! We want to give our customers (you) the best possible customer service, including knowledge about your feet. We want to provide a "glossary” of sorts for you to learn more about your feet, making shoe shopping a little easier. 

Along with these terms, we’ll provide shoe recommendations for various conditions on this list, so study up! We hope you find this guide useful. If you have a question or see a term used on our site that is not in this glossary, please contact us. We would love to hear from you!

Specific Terms Associated with the Foot

Arch = The high, curved part of the sole, located between the ball of the foot and the heel. This term can also refer to the raised area of the insole of the shoe, which is meant to pad and provide support for the arch of the foot.

Ball = The padded area of the foot between the big toe and the arch of the foot.

Forefoot = The area of the foot between the ball and the toes.

Gait = An individual's style of walking.

Girth = The circumference of a shoe last measured around the ball of the foot.

Heel = The rear padded area of the underside of the foot.

Instep = The upper, center section of the foot between the toes and ankle.

Metatarsal Bones = Five long bones in the foot that help to move the body forward when walking or running. They form the top slope of the foot from the instep to the toes.

Specific Feet Conditions

A lady walks barefoot on a hardwood floor

Achilles Tendon Injury = Pain in the back of the heel may suggest a problem with the Achilles tendon. The injury can be sudden or a nagging daily pain (tendinitis).

Athlete's Foot = A fungal infection of the feet, causing dry, flaking, red, and irritated skin. Daily washing and keeping the feet dry can prevent athlete's foot.

Bunions (hallux valgus) = A bony prominence next to the base of the big toe that may cause the big toe to turn inward. Bunions may occur in anyone but are often caused by heredity or ill-fitting footwear.

Calluses = A buildup of tough skin over an area of frequent friction or pressure on the feet. Calluses usually develop on the balls of the feet or the heels and may be uncomfortable or painful.

Sometimes, calluses develop because loose-fitting shoes rub back and forth on a pressure point. Most SAS shoes have insoles that form to the shape of your foot to prevent this. Additionally, our shoes prevent slipping on the floor. If you work in a warehouse or a restaurant, you’re familiar with how deadly slippery shoes can be on wet or smooth surfaces. Our Walk Easy shoes provide support, friction, and security. These comfortable slip-resistant shoes are built with a soft, lightweight sole that relieves pressure on your feet.

Claw Toes = Abnormal contraction of the toe joints, causing a claw-like appearance. Claw toe can be painful and usually requires a change in footwear.

Corns = Like calluses, corns consist of excessive tough skin buildup at areas of excessive pressure on the feet. Corns typically have a cone shape with a point and can be painful.

Diabetic Foot Infection = People with diabetes are vulnerable to infections of the foot, which can be more severe than they appear. People with diabetes should examine their feet daily for any injury or signs of developing infection such as redness, warmth, swelling, and pain.

Fallen Arches (flat feet) = The arches of the feet flatten during standing or walking, potentially causing other foot problems. Flat feet can be corrected with shoe inserts (orthotics).

Feet Edema = A small amount of swelling in the feet can be normal after prolonged standing and is common in people with varicose veins. Feet edema can also be a sign of heart, kidney, or liver problems.

Gout = An inflammatory condition in which crystals periodically deposit in joints, causing severe pain and swelling. The big toe is often affected by gout.

Heel Spurs = An abnormal growth of bone in the heel, which may cause severe pain while walking or standing. People with plantar fasciitis, flat feet, or high arches are more likely to develop heel spurs.

If you’re looking for shoes for bone spurs or heel spurs, specifically, you’ll want something with cloud-like comfortable insoles and shock-absorbing soles. Any pair of SASnola shoes or sandals will fit this description. Try our cozy slide sandals with a comfortable open heel. The insole contours to the natural shape of your foot, while a comfortable sole creates a rebound effect with each step.

If you’re in the market for a new pair of shoes, try out our Tour shoe with a removable footbed, shock-absorbing midsole, and a flexible outsole. Top that all off with cushioned heel support and you have the most comfortable walking shoes. Our Tour shoe is perfect for going on walks or running errands, even with bone or heel spurs. All SASnola shoes prioritize comfort in their design. This makes them the best shoes for bone spurs.

A close-up image of the best shoe for bone spurs in white

Ingrown Toenails = One or both sides of a toenail may grow into the skin. Ingrown toenails may be painful or lead to infections.

Mallet toes = The joint in the middle of a toe that is unable to straighten, causing the toe to point down. Irritation and other foot problems may develop without special footwear to accommodate the mallet toe.

Metatarsalgia = Pain and inflammation in the ball of the foot. This is usually caused by strenuous activity or ill-fitting shoes.

Morton's Neuroma = A growth consisting of nerve tissue often between the third and fourth toes. A neuroma may cause pain, numbness, and burning and often improves with a change in footwear.

Nail Fungal Infection (onychomycosis) = Fungus creates discoloration or a crumbling texture in the fingernails or toenails. Nail infections can be difficult to treat.

Osteoarthritis of the Foot = Age, wear, and tear cause the cartilage in the foot to wear out. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and deformity in the feet.

Plantar Fasciitis = Inflammation in the plantar fascia ligament along the bottom of the foot. Symptoms include pain in the heel and arch, worst in the morning. 

All of our shoes at SASnola are designed to ease the pain of plantar fasciitis. When it comes to getting active, our Free Time shoes are the best walking shoes for plantar fasciitis. Available in 11 colors, this long-time favorite is perfect for any occasion. The shoe features ample toe room and a soft sole for shock absorption. The comfort level makes Free Time the best shoe for plantar fasciitis. 

Plantar Wart = A viral infection in the sole of the foot that can form a callus with a central dark spot. Plantar warts can be painful and difficult to treat.

Rheumatoid Arthritis = An autoimmune form of arthritis that causes inflammation and joint damage. Joints in the feet, ankle, and toes may be affected by rheumatoid arthritis.